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Planimetric elements in geography are those features that are independent of elevation, such as roads, building footprints, rivers and lakes, and are represented on two-dimensional maps as they are seen from the air. These features are often digitized from orthophotography into data layers that can be used in analysis and cartographic outputs (Source: Wikipedia).

2D Planimetrics

NCTCOG has been facilitating the collection of "heads up” or stereo-compiled planimetric data for local entities since 2005. The data are manually digitized using the most recent orthophotography available. Project participants are able to select what layer combinations they need digitized and whether the data will be newly created or added onto an existing planimetric layer. Possible layers include the following.

Feature Type Specifications
Paved Road Edges Polygon Paved road edges, including medians.  Attribution should be included as to whether the medians are natural or man-made.
Paved Road Centerlines Line All paved road centerlines.  Linework should be in a format that is compatible with NG911.
Unpaved Road Edges Polygon Public maintained road edges, including medians. Unpaved road edges are defined where the visible gravel edge ends.
Paved Parking lots Polygon Paved parking for 5 cars or more. All visible islands/meridians within paved parking lots are to be identified.
Buildings Polygon All buildings over 100 square feet in area.  Capture will be of building footprint, not building roofline (unless specifically requested).
Bridges Polygon All visible bridges
Sidewalk Centerlines Line Public, maintained paved sidewalk centerline
Sidewalk Edges Polygon Public, maintained paved sidewalk edge
Driveways Polygon Paved driveways
Fences Line Fences enclosing or dividing land or properties. Decorative fences within properties are not to be captured.
Tree Canopy Polygon Single or group of trees with canopy 100 feet in diameter or greater
Pavement Pad Polygon Paved or concrete pads such as concrete patios, RV pads, basketball courts, etc. 10' x 10' or 100' sq. ft. minimum size, does not include landscape block patios/pads or permeable surfaces.
Stream Centerline Line Centerline of visible streams at least 10 feet or greater in length
Stream Edges Polygon All visible stream edges at least 10 feet or greater in width
Lakes Polygon All visible lakes/ponds with any diameter 30 feet or greater or perimeter of 120 feet or greater.
Pools Polygon Below ground permanent swimming pools

3D Planimetrics

Detailed planimetrics can also be created with an automated process using the latest digital orthophotography and 0.5-meter LiDAR. This allows for the elevation of features to be derived from LiDAR data. The following layers are included the 3D planimetric dataset. Because of the automated nature of the data extraction, individual layers and updates cannot be created.

  • Buildings
  • Lakes, Ponds, Streams
  • Groups of Vegetation
  • Unpaved Roads
  • Driveways
  • Pavement Pads
  • Parking Lots
  • Paved Roads
  • Sidewalks
  • Swimming Pools

The scope of any planimetric project is dependent upon the needs of its participating entities. Planimetric data are delivered in GIS or CAD format. Some of the 2D planimetric data (primarily building footprints, road edges and parking lots) can be viewed, printed, and purchased after a project completes at

Sample 2D Planimetric File


For more information about planimetrics, contact Shelley Broyles at 817-695-9156 or via email.  


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